While setting military procurement goals by an outsider might be frowned upon, it is an interesting exercise to examine what the military lacks. What does Canada need to have a truely independent military?
Air to Air Refueling - We are currently converting two Polaris aircraft to tankers
, however our new C-17s are designed with a different system. Our system is currently basket, probe
, while the C-17s is designed for boom and receptacle
. We should either ask for the C-17s to be fitted with a probe for refueling, or order new Air to Air refueling aircraft as the Australians have done
. Our new C-130s should also be fitted with probes (as some are already in allied air forces)
Airborn Control and Warning - Deploying our fighter and transport forces independently dictates that we should also have a mobile command and control system to defend these expensive assets from attack. Currently, we recieve this services from allies, but countries smaller than Canada are buying this capability
themselves. Australia is buying 6, since it will beusing them for context observing of their norther coast (since these aircraft can monitor ships aswell). Canada could problably suffice with two or three.
Arctic Soveriegnty - A fleet of Predator, or Global Hawk UAVs would problably be acceptable to monitor our Arctic. Expanding Canada's coast guard with two new heavy ice breakers, in addition to expanding our medium and light ice breaker fleet. It may also be advantageous to keep the armed ice breaker program, by creating heavy ice breakers with air and sea defence systems. The breakers would be in the Navies control
On shore landing under fire - Canada likely needs one or two amphibious assualt ships
Offshore air platform - With the likely purchase of new air superiority fighters, in addition to new Helicopters, Canada needs an aircraft carrier, in similar size to the Italians or Spanish carriers.
Fighter Planes - We should begin the process to replace our fleet of F-18s by 2020 with F-22s, F-35s, or comparable European aircraft. F-35s and other aircraft would be possible to operate from ships as well as small fields is fitted with Vertical takeoff options.
Coast Guard - Buy a fleet of fast boats for interdiction, such as USA Coast Guard Cutters.
New destroyers - They are old and need to be replaced.
I would estimate these costs at around 30 billion dollars, with every project costing 2 billion except for fighters planes and arctic sovereignty at 8 billion each, an dnew destroyers costing 4 billion in total. I have left out the Halifax refit, MCDV replacement, as they can be delayed.